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255a Future Assignments

Figure 1: The Three Cyberspace Lines of Operation: DoDIN Operations, DCO and OCO [1]

This article analyzes the workforce classification structure that the Army uses to execute DoDIN Operations, DCO, and OCO to provide insight into the Army’s Cyberspace Operations workforce using a framework applicable to all the Services. The framework used for this analysis is the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) National Cybersecurity Workforce Framework. The Workforce Framework organizes cybersecurity work into 32 Specialty Areas from Exploitation Analysis to System Administration. [2] The 32 Specialty Areas are grouped together into seven Categories: Operate and Maintain, Protect & Defend, Oversee and Govern, Securely Provision, Collect and Operate, and Analyze. While the NIST NICE Cybersecurity Workforce Framework does not perfectly align with all functions required to conduct DoD Cyberspace Operations, it does provide a common language to describe cybersecurity work across organizational structures. [3] The genesis of this work was to encourage dialogue to define roles and responsibilities for each work specialty by Career Management Field (CMF) within the Army, but it quickly became evident that this work could have broader application across DoD to improve understanding of the Services' task organization for conducting Cyberspace Operations.

This article is the product of extensive discussions with leaders across the Army's Signal Corps and Cyber Branch to outline which Army CMFs or Functional Areas (FA) have primary and supporting roles for specific work specialty areas. In the Army, a CMF is a grouping of related Military Occupational Specialties (MOSs). CMF 25 (Signal Corps), for example, contains one Officer MOS, four Warrant Officer MOSs and seventeen MOSs responsible for the mission of DoDIN Operations. Unique among the services, the Army also has Functional Areas, which are a grouping of “officers other than a branch, who possess tasks and skills that require significant education, training and experience.” [4] The closest equivalent to a Functional Area outside the Army would be the Limited Duty Officers (LDOs) of the Navy and Marine Corps, with the key difference being LDOs are former enlisted personnel. In the Army, officers transfer into a Functional Area between 4-10 years of commissioned service.  The Army has thirteen Functional Areas ranging from Space Operations to Public Affairs. Two Functional Areas, FA24 – Telecommunications System Engineer and FA53 – Information Systems Management are managed by the Signal Corps. (Note: FA24 and FA53 will combine into a new FA26, Information Network Engineering, on 1 October 2016.)

Их затем проверяли вручную. Иногда отвергались абсолютно безвредные файлы - на том основании, что они содержали программы, с которыми фильтры прежде не сталкивались. В этом случае сотрудники лаборатории систем безопасности тщательно изучали их вручную и, убедившись в их чистоте, запускали в ТРАНСТЕКСТ, минуя фильтры программы Сквозь строй.

Компьютерные вирусы столь же разнообразны, как и те, что поражают человека. Подобно своим природным аналогам они преследуют одну цель - внедриться в организм и начать размножаться.