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Far Part 121 Appendix Essay

Appendix A to Part 121 - First Aid Kits and Emergency Medical Kits

Approved first-aid kits, at least one approved emergency medical kit, and at least one approved automated external defibrillator required under § 121.803 of this part must be readily accessible to the crew, stored securely, and kept free from dust, moisture, and damaging temperatures.

First-aid Kits

1. The minimum number of first aid kits required is set forth in the following table:

2. Except as provided in paragraph (3), each approved first-aid kit must contain at least the following appropriately maintained contents in the specified quantities:

3. Arm and leg splints which do not fit within a first-aid kit may be stowed in a readily accessible location that is as near as practicable to the kit.

Emergency Medical Kits

1. Until April 12, 2004, at least one approved emergency medical kit that must contain at least the following appropriately maintained contents in the specified quantities:

2. As of April 12, 2004, at least one approved emergency medical kit that must contain at least the following appropriately maintained contents in the specified quantities:

3. If all of the above-listed items do not fit into one container, more than one container may be used.

Automated External Defibrillators

At least one approved automated external defibrillator, legally marketed in the United States in accordance with Food and Drug Administration requirements, that must:

1. Be stored in the passenger cabin.

2. After April 30, 2005:

(a) Have a power source that meets FAA Technical Standard Order requirements for power sources for electronic devices used in aviation as approved by the Administrator; or

(b) Have a power source that was manufactured before July 30, 2004, and been found by the FAA to be equivalent to a power source that meets the Technical Standard Order requirements of paragraph (a) of this section.

3. Be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.

[Doc. No. FAA-2000-7119, 66 FR 19044, Apr. 12, 2001, as amended by Amdt. 121-280, 69 FR 19762, Apr. 14, 2004; Amdt. 121-309, 70 FR 15196, Mar. 24, 2005]

No. of passenger seats No. of first-aid kits
0-501
51-1502
151-2503
More than 2504
Contents Quantity
Adhesive bandage compresses, 1-inch16
Antiseptic swabs20
Ammonia inhalants10
Bandage compresses, 4-inch8
Triangular bandage compresses, 40-inch5
Arm splint, noninflatable1
Leg splint, noninflatable1
Roller bandage, 4-inch4
Adhesive tape, 1-inch standard roll2
Bandage scissors1
Contents Quantity
Sphygmomanometer1
Stethoscope1
Airways, cropharyngeal (3 sizes)3
Syringes (sizes necessary to administer required drugs)4
Needles (sizes necessary to administer required drugs)6
50% Dextrose injection, 50cc1
Epinephrine 1:1000, single dose ampule or equivalent)2
Diphenhydramine HC1 injection, single dose ampule or equivalent2
Nitroglycerin tablets10
Basic instructions for use of the drugs in the kit1
protective nonpermeable gloves or equivalent1 pair
Contents Quantity
Sphygmonanometer1
Stethoscope1
Airways, oropharyngeal (3 sizes): 1 pediatric, 1 small adult, 1 large adult or equivalent3
Self-inflating manual resuscitation device with 3 masks (1 pediatric, 1 small adult, 1 large adult or equivalent)1:3 masks
CPR mask (3 sizes), 1 pediatric, 1 small adult, 1 large adult, or equivalent3
IV Admin Set: Tubing w/ 2 Y connectors1
Alcohol sponges2
Adhesive tape, 1-inch standard roll adhesive1
Tape scissors1 pair
Tourniquet1
Saline solution, 500 cc1
Protective nonpermeable gloves or equivalent1 pair
Needles (2-18 ga., 2-20 ga., 2-22 ga., or sizes necessary to administer required medications)6
Syringes (1-5 cc, 2-10 cc, or sizes necessary to administer required medications)4
Analgesic, non-narcotic, tablets, 325 mg4
Antihistamine tablets, 25 mg4
Antihistamine injectable, 50 mg, (single dose ampule or equivalent)2
Atropine, 0.5 mg, 5 cc (single dose ampule or equivalent)2
Aspirin tablets, 325 mg4
Bronchodilator, inhaled (metered dose inhaler or equivalent)1
Dextrose, 50%/50 cc injectable, (single dose ampule or equivalent)1
Epinephrine 1:1000, 1 cc, injectable, (single dose ampule or equivalent)2
Epinephrine 1:10,000, 2 cc, injectable, (single dose ampule or equivalent)2
Lidocaine, 5 cc, 20 mg/ml, injectable (single dose ampule or equivalent)2
Nitroglycerin tablets, 0.4 mg10
Basic instructions for use of the drugs in the kit1

Appendix M to Part 121 - Airplane Flight Recorder Specifications

The recorded values must meet the designated range, resolution and accuracy requirements during static and dynamic conditions. Dynamic condition means the parameter is experiencing change at the maximum rate attainable, including the maximum rate of reversal. All data recorded must be correlated in time to within one second.

Parameters Range Accuracy (sensor input) Seconds per sampling interval Resolution Remarks
1. Time or relative times counts. 124 Hrs, 0 to 4095±0.125% per hour41 secUTC time preferred when available. Count increments each 4 seconds of system operation.
2. Pressure Altitude−1000 ft to max certificated altitude of aircraft. + 5000 ft±100 to ±700 ft (see table, TSO C124a or TSO C51a)15′ to 35′Data should be obtained from the air data computer when practicable.
3. Indicated airspeed or Calibrated airspeed50 KIAS or minimum value to Max Vso to 1.2 V. D±5% and ±3%11 ktData should be obtained from the air data computer when practicable.
4. Heading (Primary flight crew reference)0-360° and Discrete “true” or “mag”±2°10.5°When true or magnetic heading can be selected as the primary heading reference, a discrete indicating selection must be recorded.
5. Normal acceleration (vertical) 9−3g to + 6g±1% of max range excluding datum error of ±5%0.1250.004g
6. Pitch Attitude±75°±2°1 or 0.25 for airplanes operated under 0.5°A sampling rate of 0.25 is recommended.
7. Roll attitude 2±180°±2°1 or 0.5 for airplanes operated under 0.5A sampling rate of 0.5 is recommended.
8. Manual Radio Transmitter Keying or CVR/DFDR synchronization referenceOn-Off (Discrete)
None
1Preferably each crew member but one discrete acceptable for all transmission provided the CVR/FDR system complies with TSO C124a CVR synchronization requirements (paragraph 4.2.1 ED-55).
9. Thrust/power on each engine - primary flight crew referenceFull range forward±2%1 (per engine)0.3% of full rangeSufficient parameters (e.g. EPR, N1 or Torque, NP) as appropriate to the particular engine being recorded to determine power in forward and reverse thrust, including potential overspeed condition.
10. Autopilot EngagementDiscrete “on” or “off”1
11. Longitudinal Acceleration±1g±1.5% max. range excluding datum error of ±5%0.250.004g
12a. Pitch control(s) position (nonfly-by-wire systems). 18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.5 or 0.25 for airplanes operated under 0.5% of full rangeFor airplanes that have a flight control breakaway capability that allows either pilot to operate the controls independently, record both control inputs. The control inputs may be sampled alternately once per second to produce the sampling interval of 0.5 or 0.25, as applicable.
12b. Pitch control(s) position (fly-by-wire systems). 3,18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.5 or 0.25 for airplanes operated under 0.2% of full range
13a. Lateral control position(s) (nonfly-by-wire). 18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.5 or 0.25 for airplanes operated under 0.2% of full rangeFor airplanes that have a flight control breakaway capability that allows either pilot to operate the controls independently, record both control inputs. The control inputs may be sampled alternately once per second to produce the sampling interval of 0.5 or 0.25, as applicable.
13b. Lateral control position(s) (fly-by-wire). 4,18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.5 or 0.25 for airplanes operated under 0.2% of full range.
14a. Yaw control position(s) (nonfly-by-wire). 5,18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.50.3% of full rangeFor airplanes that have a flight control breakaway capability that allows either pilot to operate the controls independently, record both control inputs. The control inputs may be sampled alternately once per second to produce the sampling interval of 0.5.
14b. Yaw control position(s) (fly-by-wire). 18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.50.2% of full range
15. Pitch control surface(s) position. 6,18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.5 or 0.25 for airplanes operated under 0.3% of full rangeFor airplanes fitted with multiple or split surfaces, a suitable combination of inputs is acceptable in lieu of recording each surface separately. The control surfaces may be sampled alternately once per second to produce the sampling interval of 0.5 or 0.25, as applicable.
16. Lateral control surface(s) position. 7,18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.5 or 0.25 for airplanes operated under 0.3% of full rangeA suitable combination of surface position sensors is acceptable in lieu of recording each surface separately. The control surfaces may be sampled alternately to produce the sampling interval of 0.5 or 0.25, as applicable.
17. Yaw control surface(s) position. 8,18Full Range±2° unless higher accuracy uniquely required0.50.2% of full rangeFor airplanes with multiple or split surfaces, a suitable combination of surface position sensors is acceptable in lieu of recording each surface separately. The control surfaces may be sampled alternately to produce the sampling interval of 0.5.
18. Lateral Acceleration±1g±1.5% max. range excluding datum error of ±5%0.250.004g
19. Pitch Trim Surface PositionFull Range±3° Unless Higher Accuracy Uniquely Required10.6% of full range
20. Trailing Edge Flap or Cockpit Control Selection. 10Full Range or Each Position (discrete)±3° or as Pilot's indicator20.5% of full rangeFlap position and cockpit control may each be sampled at 4 second intervals, to give a data point every 2 seconds.
21. Leading Edge Flap or Cockpit Control Selection. 11Full Range or Each Discrete Position±3° or as Pilot's indicator and sufficient to determine each discrete position20.5% of full rangeLeft and right sides, or flap position and cockpit control may each be sampled at 4 second intervals, so as to give a data point every 2 seconds.
22. Each Thrust Reverser Position (or equivalent for propeller airplane)Stowed, In Transit, and Reverse (Discrete)1 (per engine)Turbo-jet - 2 discretes enable the 3 states to be determined.
Turbo-prop - discrete.
23. Ground spoiler position or brake selection 12Full range or each position (discrete)±2° Unless higher accuracy uniquely required1 or 0.5 for airplanes operated under 0.5% of full range
24. Outside Air Temperature or Total Air Temperature. 13−50 °C to + 90 °C±2 °C20.3 °C
25. Autopilot/Autothrottle/AFCS Mode and Engagement StatusA suitable combination of discretes1Discretes should show which systems are engaged and which primary modes are controlling the flight path and speed of the aircraft.
26. Radio Altitude 14−20 ft to 2,500 ft±2 ft or ±3% whichever is greater below 500 ft and ±5% above 500 ft11 ft + 5% above 500 ftFor autoland/category 3 operations. Each radio altimeter should be recorded, but arranged so that at least one is recorded each second.
27. Localizer Deviation, MLS Azimuth, or GPS Latitude Deviation±400 Microamps or available sensor range as installed
±62°
As installed ±3% recommended10.3% of full rangeFor autoland/category 3 operations. Each system should be recorded but arranged so that at least one is recorded each second. It is not necessary to record ILS and MLS at the same time, only the approach aid in use need be recorded.
28. Glideslope Deviation, MLS Elevation, or GPS Vertical Deviation±400 Microamps or available sensor range as installed
0.9 to + 30°
As installed + /3−3% recommended10.3% of full rangeFor autoland/category 3 operations. Each system should be recorded but arranged so that at least one is recorded each second. It is not necessary to record ILS and MLS at the same time, only the approach aid in use need be recorded.
29. Marker Beacon PassageDiscrete “on” or “off”1A single discrete is acceptable for all markers.
30. Master WarningDiscrete1Record the master warning and record each “red” warning that cannot be determined from other parameters or from the cockpit voice recorder.
31. Air/ground sensor (primary airplane system reference nose or main gear)Discrete “air” or “ground”1 (0.25 recommended)
32. Angle of Attack (If measured directly)As installedAs installed2 or 0.5 for airplanes operated under 0.3% of full rangeIf left and right sensors are available, each may be recorded at 4 or 1 second intervals, as appropriate, so as to give a data point at 2 seconds or 0.5 second, as required.
33. Hydraulic Pressure Low, Each SystemDiscrete or available sensor range, “low” or “normal”±5%20.5% of full range
34. GroundspeedAs InstalledMost Accurate Systems Installed10.2% of full range
35. GPWS (ground proximity warning system)Discrete “warning” or “off”1A suitable combination of discretes unless recorder capacity is limited in which case a single discrete for all modes is acceptable.
36. Landing Gear Position or Landing gear cockpit control selectionDiscrete4A suitable combination of discretes should be recorded.
37. Drift Angle. 15As installedAs installed40.1°
38. Wind Speed and DirectionAs installedAs installed41 knot, and 1.0°
39. Latitude and LongitudeAs installedAs installed40.002°, or as installedProvided by the Primary Navigation System Reference. Where capacity permits Latitude/longitude resolution should be 0.0002°.
40. Stick shaker and pusher activationDiscrete(s) “on” or “off”1A suitable combination of discretes to determine activation.
41. Windshear DetectionDiscrete “warning” or “off”1
42. Throttle/power Leverl position. 16Full Range±2%1 for each lever2% of full rangeFor airplanes with non-mechanically linked cockpit engine controls.
43. Additional Engine ParametersAs installedAs installedEach engine each second2% of full rangeWhere capacity permits, the preferred priority is indicated vibration level, N2, EGT, Fuel Flow, Fuel Cut-off lever position and N3, unless engine manufacturer recommends otherwise.
44. Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)DiscretesAs installed1A suitable combination of discretes should be recorded to determine the status of - Combined Control, Vertical Control, Up Advisory, and Down Advisory. (ref. ARINC Characteristic 735 Attachment 6E, TCAS VERTICAL RA DATA OUTPUT WORD.)
45. DME 1 and 2 Distance0-200 NMAs installed41 NM1 mile
46. Nav 1 and 2 Selected FrequencyFull RangeAs installed4Sufficient to determine selected frequency
47. Selected barometric settingFull Range±5%(1 per 64 sec.)0.2% of full range
48. Selected AltitudeFull Range±5%1100 ft
49. Selected speedFull Range±5%11 knot
50. Selected MachFull Range±5%1.01
51. Selected vertical speedFull Range±5%1100 ft/min
52. Selected headingFull Range±5%1
53. Selected flight pathFull Range±5%1
54. Selected decision heightFull Range±5%641 ft
55. EFIS display formatDiscrete(s)4Discretes should show the display system status (e.g., off, normal, fail, composite, sector, plan, nav aids, weather radar, range, copy.
56. Multi-function/Engine Alerts Display formatDiscrete(s)4Discretes should show the display system status (e.g., off, normal, fail, and the identity of display pages for emergency procedures, need not be recorded.
57. Thrust command. 17Full Range±2%22% of full range
58. Thrust targetFull Range±2%42% of full range
59. Fuel quantity in CG trim tankFull Range±5%(1 per 64 sec.)1% of full range
60. Primary Navigation System ReferenceDiscrete GPS, INS, VOR/DME, MLS, Localizer Glideslope4A suitable combination of discretes to determine the Primary Navigation System reference.
61. Ice DetectionDiscrete “ice” or “no ice”4
62. Engine warning each engine vibrationDiscrete1
63. Engine warning each engine over tempDiscrete1
64. Engine warning each engine oil pressure lowDiscrete1
65. Engine warning each engine over speedDiscrete1
66. Yaw Trim Surface PositionFull Range±3% Unless Higher Accuracy Uniquely Required20.3% of full range
67. Roll Trim Surface PositionFull Range±3% Unless Higher Accuracy Uniquely Required20.3% of full range
68. Brake Pressure (left and right)As installed±5%1To determine braking effort applied by pilots or by autobrakes.
69. Brake Pedal Application (left and right)Discrete or Analog “applied” or “off”±5% (Analog)1To determine braking applied by pilots.
70. Yaw or sideslip angleFull Range±5%10.5°
71. Engine bleed valve positionDiscrete “open” or “closed”4
72. De-icing or anti-icing system selectionDiscrete “on” or “off”4
73. Computed center of gravityFull Range±5%(1 per 64 sec.)1% of full range
74. AC electrical bus statusDiscrete “power” or “off”4Each bus.
75. DC electrical bus statusDiscrete “power” or “off”4Each bus.
76 APU bleed valve positionDiscrete “open” or “closed”4
77. Hydraulic Pressure (each system)Full range±5%2100 psi
78. Loss of cabin pressureDiscrete “loss” or “normal”1
79. Computer failure (critical flight and engine control systems)Discrete “fail” or “normal”4
80. Heads-up display (when an information source is installed)Discrete(s) “on” or “off”4
81. Para-visual display (when an information source is installed)Discrete(s) “on” or “off”
82. Cockpit trim control input position - pitchFull Range±5%10.2% of full rangeWhere mechanical means for control inputs are not available, cockpit display trim positions should be recorded.
83. Cockpit trim control input position - rollFull Range±5%10.7% of full rangeWhere mechanical means for control inputs are not available, cockpit display trim position should be recorded.
84. Cockpit trim control input position - yawFull range±5%10.3% of full rangeWhere mechanical means for control input are not available, cockpit display trim positions should be recorded.
85. Trailing edge flap and cockpit flap control positionFull Range±5%20.5% of full rangeTrailing edge flaps and cockpit flap control position may each be sampled alternately at 4 second intervals to provide a sample each 0.5 second.
86. Leading edge flap and cockpit flap control positionFull Range or Discrete±5%10.5% of full range
87. Ground spoiler position and speed brake selectionFull range or discrete±5%0.50.3% of full range
88. All cockpit flight control input forces (control wheel, control column, rudder pedal) 18 19Full range
Control wheel ±70 lbs
Control column ±85 lbs
Rudder pedal ±165 lbs
±5%10.3% of full rangeFor fly-by-wire flight control systems, where flight control surface position is a function of the displacement of the control input device only, it is not necessary to record this parameter. For airplanes that have a flight control break away capability that allows either pilot to operate the control independently, record both control force inputs. The control force inputs may be sampled alternately once per 2 seconds to produce the sampling interval of 1.
89. Yaw damper statusDiscrete (on/off)0.5
90. Yaw damper commandFull rangeAs installed0.51% of full range
91. Standby rudder valve statusDiscrete0.5

[Doc. No. 28109, 62 FR 38382, July 17, 1997; 62 FR 48135, Sept. 12, 1997, as amended by Amdt. 121-271, 64 FR 46120, Aug. 24, 1999; Amdt. 121-278, 65 FR 51745, Aug. 24, 2000; 65 FR 81733, Dec. 27, 2000; Amdt. 121-292, 67 FR 54323, Aug. 21, 2002; Amdt. 121-300, 68 FR 42936, July 18, 2003; 68 FR 50069, Aug. 20, 2003; 68 FR 53877, Sept. 15, 2003; 70 FR 41134, July 18, 2005; Amdt. 125-54, 73 FR 12566, Mar. 7, 2008; Amdt. 121-338, 73 FR 12566, Mar. 7, 2008; Amdt. 121-342, 73 FR 73179, Dec. 2, 2008; Amdt. 121-349, 75 FR 17046, Apr. 5, 2010; Amdt. 121-347, 75 FR 7356, Feb. 19, 2010; Amdt. 121-364, 78 FR 39971, July 3, 2013; Docket FAA-2017-0733, Amdt. 121-379, 82 FR 34398, July 25, 2017]