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120 Eighty Character Lines Text Essay

120 eighty character lines essay

´if you are submitting your essay online it must be no longer than 120-eighty character lines of text (including spaces and blanklines)´ does.

120 eighty character lines essay

What is the application essay length it must be no longer than 120 eighty-character lines of text (including spaces and blank lines). This is a sample application it must be no longer than 120 eighty-character lines if more than one institution to which you apply requires the same essay.

Hey guys,,, what does if you are submitting your essay online, it must be no longer than 120 eighty-character lines of text (including spaces and blank lines) mean. This is a sample application if you are submitting your essay online, it must be no longer than 120 eighty-character lines of text (including spaces and blank lines. Essay on self discipline in english cqd mark 2 type essay opinion essay 4 paragraph essays thomas malthus an essay on population, how to speak body.

Best answer: you are being asked to write no more then 120 lines (top to bottom) that are eighty-characters wide (left to right) 102 x 80. This seems pretty straightforward no more than 120 eighty-character lines = your essay has to be less than 12080=9,600 characters long, including spaces.

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What does it mean when a college application as for you to submit an essay that has to be 120 eighty-character lines of text (including spaces and blank lines.


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120 eighty character lines essay

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In typography and computingcharacters per line (CPL) or terminal width refers to the maximal number of monospaced characters that may appear on a single line. It is similar to line length in typesetting.

History[edit]

The limit of the line length in 70–80 characters may well be originated from various technical limitations of various equipment. The American teletypewriters could type only 72 CPL, while the British ones even less, 70 CPL.[1] In the era of typewriters, most designs of the typewriter carriage were limited to 80–90 CPL. The most widespread and standard paper size in the US (8.5×11") also has been imposing limitations on the line length: it is possible to print only 85 or 102 characters (with the font size either 10 or 12 characters per inch) without margins on the typewriter. With various margins (usually from 1 to 1.5 inches for each side, but there is no strict standard) these numbers may shrink to 55–78 CPL.

In computer technology, a line of an IBM punched card could consist of only 80 characters. The widespread computer terminals such as IBM 3270 followed this limitation, their monitors could show only 80 CPL (but with the various number of lines), though with some terminals this number was either reduced by half to 40 CPL, limited to 64 CPL (SWTP CT-64, with 16 lines[2]), or optionally increased to 132 CPL (DEC VT100 family, with 14 lines[3]). Such line lengths have been carried over into text modes of personal computers.

The "long" line of 132 CPL comes from line printers of mainframes.[4][5][6] However, some printers or printing terminals could print as many as 216 CPL, given certain extra-wide paper sizes and/or extra-narrow font sizes.[7]

In modern computing[edit]

With the advent of desktop computing and publishing, and technologies such as TrueType used in word processing and web browsing, a uniform CPL has been made mostly obsolete. HTML (and some other modern text presentation formats) uses dynamic word wrapping which is more flexible than characters per line restriction and may produce a text block with non-rectangular shape, just like in paper typesetting.

Many plain text documents still conform to 72 CPL out of tradition.

RFC 2046 Media Types November 1996 A. Collected Grammar .................................... 43 1. Introduction The first document in this set, RFC 2045, defines a number of header fields, including Content-Type. The Content-Type field is used to specify the nature of the data in the body of a MIME entity, by giving media type and subtype identifiers, and by providing auxiliary information that may be required for certain media types. After the

In programming[edit]

Many style guides for computer programming define the maximum or desirable number of characters in a line of source code:

Human perception[edit]

A study at Wichita State University found that CPL had only small effects on readability, including factors of speed and comprehension. When asked for preferences, however, 60% of respondents indicated a preference for either the shortest (35 CPL) or longest (95 CPL) lines used in the study. At the same time, 100% of respondents selected either one of these quantities as being the least desirable.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Department of the Army, ed. (1947). Teletypewriter Circuits and Equipment (fundamentals). Washington: US Government Printing Office. p. 69. 
  2. ^CT-64
  3. ^VT100
  4. ^Pomerantz, Ori; Vander Weele, Barbara; Nelson, Mark; et al., eds. (2008). Mainframe Basics for Security Professionals. 
  5. ^Wells, April J. (2003). Oracle 11i E-Business Suite from the Front Lines. p. 168. 
  6. ^"Difference between..LRECL = 133 and LRECL = 132". IBMMAINFRAMES.com - IBM Mainframe Support Forums. 2004. 
  7. ^"Appendix K. Traditional Terminals and Printers". Terminals & Printers Handbook 1983–84. Digital. 1983. 
  8. ^Ada 95 Quality and Style Guide
  9. ^Style Guide for Python Code
  10. ^GCC Coding Conventions
  11. ^Linux kernel coding style
  12. ^Google C++ Style Guide
  13. ^Google's R Style Guide
  14. ^Google Python Style Guide
  15. ^ abPSR-2: Coding Style Guide
  16. ^Mozilla Coding style
  17. ^"4.1. Line length". Java Code Conventions(PDF). Sun Microsystems, Inc. 1997. p. 5. 
  18. ^ abPEP 8 Style Guide for Python Code (actually 79 and 99 characters)
  19. ^OpenLisp Style Guide
  20. ^CCM4 self-imposed limit
  21. ^Android Code Style Guidelines for Contributors
  22. ^Google Java Style
  23. ^FORTRAN 90
  24. ^Blink Coding Style Guidelines
  25. ^Moodle Coding Style
  26. ^Mono Coding Guidelines
  27. ^Effective Go
  28. ^Shaikh, A. Dawn (July 2005). "The Effects of Line Length on Reading Online News". Usability News. 7 (2). Archived from the original on June 19, 2015. 
The ruler on the carriage of an Olivetti Lettera 22. This typewriter can print only 87 characters in a line
Typometer with the characters per line scales
A Fortran coding form (paper). Source code has 72 CPL, but a form is 80-characters wide. Last 8 positions are "identification sequence"